A few days
after the July 2 concerts, Live8 organizers Bob Geldof and Bono
traveled to the G8 summit of the world's leading capitalist nations
in Edinburgh. They went at the express invitation of British prime
minister Tony Blair to discuss the African "debt relief" package
promoted by Live8. To the best of our knowledge, Bono and Geldof
went into the meetings unaccompanied by a single African or a single
poor person of any nation. None of the G8 nations is African. None
of the leaders who gathered in Edinburgh is poor.
G8 leaders have discussed with this pair? Bono and Geldof
can't possibly believe that Blair, Bush and the rest don't know
the facts - that 35,000 children starved to death worldwide on July
2 and every day afterward. They know because these kids die
as a direct result of the policies of the G8 nations, including
the massive debts with which poor nations are saddled under the
guise of "foreign aid."
Bono and Geldof
asked the G8 nations to cut in half the debt carried by poor African
nations. But if you only have a quarter in your pocket and I say
you owe me $50,000,000, what difference does it make if I decide
you only owe me $25,000,000? They also asked the G8 countries to
double the value of relief sent to Africa - even though they must
know that aid comes with "austerity" requirements that further ruin
the lives of the poor and that the nature of that aid makes it easy
for corrupt rulers to siphon it off.
of the G8 governments is
even slightly inclined to end
poverty among their own citizens:
Bush recently signed a law
that prevents heavily indebted
Americans from seeking
Why do Bono and Geldof believe
that these men will listen?
All of the
G8 nations have large-scale domestic poverty problems of their own,
although not as glaring as the catastrophic situation in Russia.
The disintegration of living standards in the former Soviet Union
has been accelerated by the guidance of Bono's good friend, Harvard
economist Jeffrey Sachs, to whom the U2 frontman dedicated a song
at their recent Madison Square Garden concert. None of the G8 governments
is even slightly inclined to end poverty among their own citizens:
Bush recently signed a law that prevents heavily indebted Americans
from seeking bankruptcy relief. Why do Bono and Geldof believe that
these men will listen?
Live8 leaders don't say anything the G8 bosses don't want to hear.
Bono and Geldof's "debt relief" schemes do nothing to restore any
of what has been stolen from poor countries. The poor are not empowered.
And, true to their allegiance to the likes of Sachs, the only proposal
to end poverty put forward by Live8 leaders is that G8 staple, "free
did the G8 leaders a huge favor. Gatherings of the powerful are
haunted by the specter of the 1999 World Trade Organization summit
in Seattle, where tens of thousands marched and rioted to protest
"free trade" policies and their consequences. By diverting millions
of people with fairytale "solutions," Live8 helped keep the lid
on in Edinburgh.
compares the movement
he hopes to create to those led by
Gandhi, Martin Luther King and
Nelson Mandela. But none of those
movements sent "representatives"
on bended knee to ask
the rulers to yield. All of them
activated the energy and vision
of the people affected by the
policies of those rulers.
What's in it
for Geldof, Bono, and the other rock stars? For Geldof, a
knighthood and now, a Nobel Peace Prize nomination. For Bono, further
confirmation of his own righteousness. For the rest, not much.
The Live8 leaders
seduce rockers and their audiences by making this claim: We must
deal with the world as it is. In that world, only the powerful can
make change and the only way to get the powerful to listen is to
treat them kindly. The first assumption begs the question, since
the nature of the world is very different for even a one-hit wonder
than it is for a homeless person or a peasant farmer. The
historical evidence for the second two assumptions is nonexistent.
the movement he hopes to create to those led by Gandhi, Martin Luther
King, and Nelson Mandela. But none of those movements sent "representatives"
on bended knee to ask the rulers to yield. All of them activated
the energy and vision of the people affected by the policies of
those rulers. All of them grew strong precisely to the degree that
they allowed the disenfranchised to speak for themselves.
believe the hype:
There is something else to do.
Rock stars and their audiences can
align themselves with movements
led by the poor themselves.
There is no
evidence that Geldof, Bono or any of the Live8 leaders from the
non-governmental aid organizations reached their conclusions about
what Africa needs by consulting poor Africans. Geldof dismisses
as "ineffective" all those who criticize him, claiming that they've
done nothing because, after all, there's nothing else to do. This
is also Bono's justification for working with Bush cabinet members,
the most right-wing members of the American Congress (most notoriously,
Jesse Helms), and even his little-noted support for anti-Semite
evangelist Billy Graham.
the hype: There is something else to do. Rock stars and their audiences
can align themselves with movements led by the poor themselves.
There is no nation affected by the G8 policies that lacks such a
movement. Some musicians - Steve Earle, rapper Immortal Technique,
Tom Morello, and Bruce Springsteen in the U.S., Thomas Mapfumo in
Zimbabwe - have lent effective aid to such movements. The results
aren't sent out by satellite TV, but the leaders of those movements
regularly attest to them and are eager for more involvement by musicians.
can do a lot to help organizations of the poor: gaining publicity,
making connections across state and national borders, raising funds.
Instead, we are confronted with the ridiculous spectacle in which
RRC, a newsletter for God's sake, is in touch with more poor people
than all of the Live8 artists and organizations combined. These
range from the MST, Brazil's huge movement of the landless, to the
hardy band of sick and disabled TennCare recipients who, at press
time, were in the second week of a sit-in at the office of the governor
We would love
to correct this imbalance - we urge artists who want to be part
of helping the poor end poverty to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
or 310-398-4477. Operators are standing by. - Rock & Rap
Note: This above
was first published in the July 2005 issue of Rock & Rap Confidential.
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